Libcom.org Nov 24 2010
Nearly empty check-in a hall of Lisbon's international airport.
A 24-hour general strike protesting the government's austerity policies
largely paralysed Portugal on Wednesday, with planes grounded, trains
cancelled and rubbish going uncollected.
Unions hailed the action as a massive success. The national strike is
Portugal's first since 2007, and the first called jointly by the two big
trade union confederations, CGTP and UGT, in 22 years.
Incoming and outgoing flights were cancelled in Lisbon, Porto, Faro and
the Azores islands, the airport authority ANA said. In neighbouring Spain,
the airport authority AENA said 41 of the 53 flights between Spain and
Portugal were cancelled. Most counters were closed at Lisbon airport.
More than 70% of scheduled train connections were cancelled in the
morning, the rail operating company CP said. Most Lisbon buses did not
circulate, and ferries did not operate on the River Tagus in the morning.
The Lisbon underground remained closed, and 90% of Porto underground
engine drivers had reportedly joined the strike.
Ports remained closed, rubbish collection and postal services came to an
almost complete halt in many places, while many hospitals and health
centres were only offering minimum services, according to union sources.
Several large factories in the car and shipbuilding sectors reportedly
came to a standstill.
Meanwhile, the police denied union accusations that they had violently
dispersed post office pickets in the capital.
Prime Minister Jose Socrates' economic policies "demand too many
sacrifices from workers, while leaving out many (wealthy citizens) who
could pay much more," UGT leader Joao Proenca said. Far-left leader
Francisco Louca hailed the strike as an "enormous success" which would
force the government to reconsider its policies.
The government, however, sees its spending cuts and tax hikes as
indispensable for Portugal to restore the confidence of financial markets
and to put its finances in order. Socrates' budget was due to be given the
definitive green light by parliament this week. The budget slashes public
sector wages by five per cent, freezes pensions, and raises value added
tax from 21 to 23 per cent. The government wants to cut the budget deficit
from an expected 7.3 per cent this year to 4.6 per cent in 2011. The
deficit would then be trimmed below the EU limit of 3 per cent by 2013.
Lisbon is trying to reassure markets concerned that Portugal might need an
international bailout similar to those requested by Greece and Ireland.
Portugal's unemployment rate climbed to a record 10.9 per cent in the
Socrates has already faced a string of strikes and demonstrations against
his liberalizing economic reforms.